Technology Hub Data Spaces

Concepts and technologies for sovereign industrial data exchange Fraunhofer CCIT

The technology hub Data Spaces develops concepts for complex networking scenarios for industrial data exchange and technologies for data sovereignty in value creation networks. This sets it apart from existing approaches that focus on cloud computing or personal data. The end-to-end protection of networked processing chains across company boundaries requires new developments. This applies in particular to access control, which must be designed significantly differently in ad hoc networks than in systems in which the network nodes are already known in advance. On the other hand, mechanisms are needed to attach terms of use to data and enforce them. This allows the owners of the data to determine with whom they exchange data and how trusted business partners may use this data, for what purposes, and under what conditions. As a further aspect of industrial data exchange, the focus addresses the simplification of data integration and the outsourcing of data pre-processing processes in order to be able to create value from data more efficiently. Thus, the technology hub Data Spaces answers the central questions in the management of data in business ecosystems from an information technology perspective.

Within the framework of the Fraunhofer CCIT, the technology hub Data Spaces focuses on the data infrastructure level and thus represents the link between physical communication (cf. technology hub IOT-COMMS) and the application level (cf. technology hub Machine Learning). Here, the work focuses on data sovereignty and data economics, which provide the basis for the data-driven value creation layer in the edge-cloud continuum (ECC). By edge-cloud continuum, we mean complete data value chains that extend from sensors and edge devices in the immediate environment of end users to central data centers and cloud platforms.

Based on the many successful preliminary efforts of numerous Fraunhofer institutes in the context of the "International Data Spaces" initiative, which make Fraunhofer a leading international research institution for the complex of topics "Data Sovereignty and Data Economy", the technology hub Data Spaces focuses on the development of a comprehensive and industrially applicable implementation of the International Data Spaces reference architecture model.

Data spaces in the network

Fraunhofer Website for International Data Spaces

Reading data spaces

Designing Data Spaces
The Ecosystem Approach to Competitive Advantage

Data space technology

The Eclipse Dataspace Components

Data sovereignty as a key feature in the age of digitization

Three questions for Prof. Dr. Boris Otto, Director of the Technology Hub Data Spaces

Prof. Dr. Boris Otto

What special role does the topic of data spaces and data sovereignty play in the cognitive internet?

Data spaces in the sense of International Data Spaces give the owners of data back control over it. Data sovereignty is a key capability in the age of digitization, and data spaces are the technology for it.

What is the position of industry in this field, and how can Fraunhofer support enterprises?

The industry is on the right track. Alliances such as the Gaia-X AISBL and the International Data Spaces Association, as well as industry networks such as Catena-X, Mobility Data Space and Manufacturing-X, are combining the forces of individual companies in an effective way. The first promising implementations are providing concrete solutions. Fraunhofer is helping to drive the development of Data Spaces at both the technological and organizational levels. The economy needs an international standard — this can only be achieved together.

What are your long-term goals with the Data Spaces Hub and its implications for the topic "Cognitive Internet Technologies?" 

When data spaces are created in industrial applications, we make an important contribution to the locational advantage in Germany and Europe. But ultimately, the issue of data sovereignty concerns us all. Individual citizens must remain sovereign over their data.